Sore Throat - Causes and Treatment

Sore Throat - Causes and Treatment

How often the average person swallows each day ? It is 580 times. Swallowing can be very painful with a sore throat, even the ordinary run-of-mill type. So, what can you do to make it stop (or at least more bearable) ?

Sore Throat - The root of the problem

The common symptoms of sore throat like pain, roughness, redness at the back of the throat and a feeling of dryness arise due to inflammation of the throat. Inflammation is a natural process where our body responds to the injuries inflicted by the cause or cause of sore throat and ends with the complete healing of the injured area. Hence, treating inflammation will greatly reduce the symptoms of sore throats.

Common causes of sore throat :

- Viruses, the same germs that cause colds and flu, are the most common causes - antibiotics are useless in viral infections.

- A much smaller number of sore throats are due to bacterial infections that require antibiotic treatment.

- Allergies, pollutants or irritants.

- Post-orosurgery or trauma.

- Acid (gastroesophageal) reflux disease (GERD).

What can you do ?

Self-care measures can help ease our discomfort while the sore throat runs its course, which is usually within 5 to 7 days.

- Speak as little as possible

- Avoid smoke and other air pollutants/irritants

- Drink plenty of fluids to keep your throat moist

- Suck candy or soothers to increase saliva flow

- Gargle with warm salt water

- Sip honey and lemon

- Humidify the air

You could also consult your pharmacist or doctor for anti-inflammatory gargle or lozenge to reduce the redness and swelling from the inflammation process while soothing your sore throat. For those who are concerned about the sugar intake of sucking candies, soothers or lozenges, there are sugar-free variants available.

Lastly, always read the product label before use and use only as directed. Do seek further medical advice should your symptoms persist after five days.

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